Nancy Marie White 


Department of Anthropology
University of South Florida
4202 E. Fowler Avenue, SOC 107
Tampa, FL 33620-8100
Office Phone: (813) 974-0815   


Apalachicola Valley Archaeology

Apalachicola Valley Archaeology
Confederate Fort Mystery


  • Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University, 1982

Primary Areas of Interest:

  • prehistory of the Americas
  • eastern U.S. archaeology
  • archaeological theory
  • cultural and human ecology
  • gender in anthropological perspective
  • public archaeology and CRM

Current Research Topics:

  • cultural chronology, ecology, and process in the prehistory and early history of the Apalachicola-lower Chattahoochee Valley region of northwest Florida
  • relationship of prehistoric human settlement pattern, fluvial geomorphology, and sea level rise along the Gulf Coast from Florida through Mexico
  • origins of social stratification among late prehistoric southeastern cultures
  • women in southeastern archaeology and prehistory
Courses Taught:
Introduction to Anthropology
Evolution of People and Culture
Archaeological Field School
Archaeological Lab Methods
Florida Archaeology
North American Indians
Physical Anthropology

Archaeological Methods
Cultural Resources Management/Public Archaeology
Ecological Anthropology
Graduate Archaeology Seminar
Archaeological Theory
Graduate ProSeminar in Anthropology (team taught)
Southeastern U.S. Archaeology

Graduate/Undergraduate Cross-Listed:
Gender in Cross-cultural Perspective
South American Archaeology
European Prehistory

Awards and Activities

Ripley P. Bullen Award for furthering cooperation with avocational archaeologists, 2001.
Outstanding undergraduate teaching awards 1994, 1993.

Selected Publications:

Fort Walton Mississippian Beginnings in the Apalachicola-Lower Chattahoochee River Valley (2nd author, with J. Du Vernay). In Mississippian Beginnings,edited by Gregory D. Wilson, pp 260-292. University Press of Florida, Gainesvile.

Paleo-Indian Through Protohistoric On St. Vincent Island, Northwest Florida (1st author with Elicia Kimble). Florida Anthropologist 69:184-204.

Fort San José, a Remote Spanish Outpost in Northwest Florida, 1700-1721 (second author with J. Saccente). In
Archaeology of Culture Contact and Colonialism in Spanish and Portuguese America, ed. by P. Funari and M. Ximena Senatore, pp. 297-312. Springer Press, New York

What I Believe About the Useful Diversity of Theory in Southeastern Archaeology. Southeastern Archaeology 33:255-268.

Apalachicola Valley Riverine, Estuarine, Bayshore, and Saltwater Shell Middens. The Florida Anthropologist 67(2-3):77-104.

Woodland and Mississippian in Northwest Florida –  Part of the South but Different. In New Histories of Pre Columbian Florida, edited by N. Wallis and A. Randall, pp. 223- 242. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Website and linked video (with Eric Prendergast):  Mounds at Turtle Harbor

Pierce Mounds Complex. An Ancient Capital in Northwest Florida. Report to landowner George Mahr and to the Florida Division of Historical Resources. Department of Anthropology, USF (link to report on turtle harbor mounds website)

Review of Cultural Negotiations: the Role of Women in the Founding of Americanist Archaeology, by D. Browman. Journal of Anthropological Research 69:575- 76.

Late Prehistoric Florida:Archaeology at the Edge of the Mississippian World (coeditor with Keith Ashley). University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Middle Woodland and Protohistoric Fort Walton at The Lost Chipola Cutoff Mound, Northwest Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 64 (3-4):241-73.

Gotier Hammock Mound and Midden on St. Joseph Bay, Northwest Florida.The Florida Anthropologist 63:149-182

Archaeology for Dummies. Wiley Publishing, Hoboken, NJ.

The Mexican Connection and the Far West of the Southeast (first author, with R. Weinstein). American Antiquity 73:227-277.

Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida (coauthored with R. Marrinan).Southeastern Archaeology 26(2):292-318.

The Ephemeral Cape St. George Shipwreck on the Northern Gulf Coast, Franklin County, Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 59:73-88.

Gulf Coast Archaeology, the Southeastern U.S. and Mexico (editor and author of beginning and ending chapters). University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Archaeological Survey of the St. Joseph Bay State Buffer Preserve, Gulf County, Florida. Report to the Apalachicola National Estuarine Research Reserve, Eastpoint, Florida, and the Division of Historical Resources, Tallahassee. Department of Anthropology, USF.

Late Archaic Fisher-Foragers in the Apalachicola-lower Chattahoochee Valley, Northwest Florida-south Georgia/Alabama. In Signs of Power: the Rise of Cultural Complexity in the Southeast, edited by P. Carr and J. Gibson, pp. 10-25. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Late Archaic in the Apalachicola/lower Chattahoochee Valley of Northwest Florida, Southwest Georgia, Southeast Alabama. The Florida Anthropologist 56(2):69-90.

Testing Partially Submerged Shell Middens in the Apalachicola Estuarine Wetlands, Franklin County, Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 56:15-45.

A Model Graduate Training Programme in Public Archaeology (coauthored with B. Weisman). Antiquity 74:203-8.

Prehistoric and Protohistoric Fort Walton at the Thick Greenbriar Site (8Ja417), Northwest Florida.  The Florida Anthropologist 53:  134-152.

Archaeology, History, Fluvial Geomorphology, and the Mystery Mounds of Northwest Florida (with J. Knetsch and C. Jones). Southeastern Archaeology 18: 2-22.

Teaching Public Archaeology at the University of South Florida.  In Teaching Archaeology in the Twenty-first Century, ed. by S. Bender and G. Smith, pp. 111-115.  Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.

Teaching Archaeologists to Teach Public Archaeology.  In The Archaeology Education Handbook:  Sharing the Past with Kids, edited by K. Smardz and S. Smith, pp. 328-339).  AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, California.

Apalachicola Valley Remote Areas Archaeological Survey, Northwest Florida. Volume 1: The Survey and Sites Located. Volume 2: Confederate Batteries Cobb and Gilmer in the "Cutoff Island" of the Lower Chipola-Apalachicola River Valley. Reports to the Florida Division of Historical Resources, Tallahassee.

Grit-Tempered. Early Women Archaeologists in the Southeastern United States. (first editor with L. Sullivan and R. Marrinan). University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

The Northwest Florida Expeditions of Clarence Bloomfield Moore (coeditor with D. Brose). University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Late Holocene Sea Level Change and Delta Migration, Apalachicola River Region, Florida (second author, with J. Donoghue). Journal of Coastal Research11(3):651-663.

Archaeological Investigations at Six Sites in the Apalachicola River Valley, Northwest Florida. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Memorandum NOS SRD 26. Marine and Estuarine Management Division, Washington, D. C.

Public Archaeology in Florida, USA: A Review and Case Study (first author, with J. R. Williams). In The Presented Past, edited by P. Stone and B. Molyneaux. pp. 82-94. Routledge, One World Archaeology Series, London.

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